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The Terezin Declaration is a non-binding statement made by 47 countries in June 2009 and agreed on measures to address the economic injustice that accompanied the Holocaust against Jews and other victims of Nazi persecution in Europe. It is neither a treaty nor a legally binding international agreement[1] The Conference on Holocaust-era assets was held in Terezén, Czech Republic, the site of the Theresienstadt ghetto. [2] [3] One year later, 43 of the signatories (excluding Belarus, Malta, Russia and Poland) approved an accompanying document, guidelines and best practices for restitution and compensation of real estate in 2010, which established best practices in real estate. Under the guidelines, the return of the building itself (at height) is preferred, but if this is not possible, a payment or alternative property that is „really fair and appropriate“ is possible. [2] [4] The declaration has no legal authority and does not define how the countries concerned should act to implement it. [5] In order to facilitate the dissemination of information, the Institute will regularly publish reports on activities related to the Terezin Declaration. The Institute will develop websites to facilitate the exchange of information, particularly in the fields of the arts province, real estate, the social protection needs of survivors, Judaica and the Holocaust. As a useful service for all users, the Institute will maintain and publish lists of websites that will be published by participating states, organizations that support Holocaust survivors and other Holocaust victims and NGOs, as well as a website website on Holocaust topics. The Justice for Uncompensated Survivors Today (JUST) Act of 2017 requires the U.S. State Department to report to Congress on the steps taken by the signatories of the Terezin Declaration to compensate Holocaust survivors and their heirs for assets confiscated by Nazi Germany and the post-war communist government.

[7] As is often the case with instruments of international law, the declaration established a mechanism to monitor the implementation of the commitments made by the signatory countries. The specially established European Shoah Legacy Institute (ESLI) has been tasked with drafting reports analyzing the implementation of signatories` reporting obligations. Following the publication of several country reports and the full 2017 comprehensive report on the implementation of reporting obligations, the ESLI was dissolved (see Wardyski`s lawyers` involvement in the development of the report). ESLI has completed its work at a time when the objectives of the declaration have not yet been achieved and its implementation by the signatory states remains unsatisfactory. We urge government and local authorities, as well as civil society and relevant institutions, to ensure that these mass graves are identified and protected and that Jewish cemeteries are demarcated, preserved and kept free from desecration and, if necessary, to consider, in accordance with national law, declaring them national monuments. The SS and the police, who refused any denial of the Holocaust (Shoah) and criticized its trivialization or reduction while encouraging public leaders to oppose such denial, trivialization or decrease, and took advantage of the Slovak uprising to make the final turn of the Jews of Slovakia.